HyWest: Green Hydrogen Economy
In 2014, the Tyrolean Parliament adopted the energy and resource strategy “Tyrol 2050 energy autonomous “. This strategy is based on a -50% energy saving vector and a +30% energy production expansion vector from locally available resources. This requires an extensive “restructuring of the energy system” which calls for a coordinated “power on demand” and “power to gas/hydrogen” strategy to meet energy demands (E. Fleischhacker 2014/15). Starting with the construction of the hydrogen highway Munich – Verona in 2014, complementary hydrogen business plan projects were developed within the framework of the private initiative of the Green Energy Center Europe. From 2016 onwards, several projects were initiated representing the areas of the food industry & supply (MPREIS, from 2016), public transport and the leisure & tourism industry (ZVB/Zillertaler Verkehrsbetriebe AG, from 2017) and the energy, electricity and gas industry (TIWAG/TIGAS from 2018). The synergies and collaborations arising from these projects will constitute the base of a regional hydrogen economy.
The three projects from the areas of general interest and public services must be viewed and processed collectively according to systemic/methodological aspects as a logistics system, in order to grow together into a regional hydrogen economy. By definition (E. Fleischhacker 1994), the hydrogen economy is required to provide “the right goods (green hydrogen) in the right condition (in the required purity), in the right quantity (no shortage, no excess) at the right time (in peak and crisis times) to the right place (to the project locations Innsbruck, Jenbach and Kufstein) at the minimum cost”. So far, no comparable case of a “regional hydrogen economy” – especially in the supply and provision of general interest – is known that combines and optimizes the space-time relationships and the entrepreneurial processes of complementary hydrogen projects with the logistical cross-sectional function.